Cannons played a major role in the civil war. The most important technology advances during civil war was the ability to produce rifled barrel artillery which were more accurate and had long range. There are many types of cannons that were used in the civil war. Some of the cannons used during civil war are: the 20 pound parrot rifle, 3inch ordnance rifle, 12 pound howitzer, 24 pound howitzer, M1857 12 pound, the 6 pound sun and 10 pound parrot rifle. Smoothbore cannons are categorized into two major groups, guns and howitzers.
Howitzers were manufactured purposely for firing explosive shells in a high trajectory and also for spherical case shots and canister over short distances; they can also be used in situations in which the enemy is concealed behind terrain features. They have short-barrel which makes them best suited for these functions. Howitzers use low powder charges than other guns of the same caliber. Field howitzers that were used during civil war were the 12 pound, 24 pound and the 32 pound they were mostly made of bronze.
The twelve pound napoleon was the most popular cannon used during the civil war. This cannon was named after the Napoleon III of France. This weapon was among the most admired weapons due to the high safety it is associated with. It is also reliable and has high killing power at a close range. Unlike other cannons 12-pounder Napoleon is very heavy and difficult to move over rough terrains.
3-inch rifle it was most widely used during civil way. It was invented by John Griffen. 3inch rifle are made of wrought iron preventing them from tube fracturing or burst. The use of wrought iron makes them the most durable rifles during the civil war. They have a very high level of accuracy.
Parrot rifles invented by Robert Parker Parrot were manufactured in different sizes from 10-pounder up to the rare 300-pounder. The small size was more predominant; they come in two sizes 2.9inch and 3inch. The parrot rifles were manufactured by combining cast iron and wrought iron. The cast iron used was very weak which made the manufacture to reinforce it with wrought iron which made it more reliable. Although they were very accurate they had poor safety repetition. The 20 pounder was the largest field gun used during the civil war. Its barrel weights over 800 kilograms.
Civil war cannons made a very loud sound when they hit a target but they don’t bring devastating damage compared to modern warfare weapons.
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